It is relatively easy to represent yourself before Ethiopian courts in certain cases. The most important thing is to get your submission forms right. There are little technical oral arguments. We have selected few but frequent areas that need minimum lawyer assitance. If you want to do it follow the tab.READMORE
1. collect the evidence
If you have a bounced check and want to get the amount of money indicated on the check paid and bring an action before a court, the first thing that you have to do before anything is collect your evidence. The following are important piece of evidence:
a. The check
b. Bank statement
c. Background contract if any
2. Decide where to bring the action
Decide where to bring the action or in other words you have to think about jurisdiction. For instance if the parties are in Addis Ababa and
a. If the amount you claim is less than Birr 500,000 the case should be brought before Federal first instance court (Lideta)
b. If the amount is more than Birr 500,000 then Federal high court (Lideta)
3. Decide on the procedure
Once you have decided where to bring the action, then you have two options to proceed with the case
a. Ordinary procedure
b. Summary procedure
4. Ordinary procedure
Under the ordinary procedure the defendant is permitted to present a defense and there is high likelihood that the case will be delayed. Under the ordinary procedure the defendant is allowed to
a. Reply to the claim in writing
b. Present oral argument
c. Present evidence
5. Summary procedure
If you opt for the summary procedure then there is high likelihood that the case be resolved quickly. In summary proceeding:
a. The defendant has to show that he has reason to defend the claim
b. If he does not appear and contest or appear and his reasons to defend are fond to be unsatisfactory by the court and then the court render judgment
c. If the defendant is allowed to defend the proceeding is the same as the ordinary procedure.
6. Download statement of claim
Download the statement of claim from here if you want to present the case under the summary procedure.
Liquidation of SuccessionREADMORE
Collect death certificate of the deceased if there is any, power of attorney of other heirs if there are any, and decide on witness list.
Decide where to file the application
Certificate of inheritance are processed before lower level courts. For instance, if the deceased died in Addis Ababa, the Addis Ababa City first instance court shall have the power. There are city courts in each sub cities (Arada, Kirkos, etc). So you have to submit the application to respective court where the deceased has his last address.
The procedure has been simplified in the past three years. Though you list down witnesses the court does not ask you to hear them. What you have to do is present the application with affidavit and you will get your certificate of inheritance the same day.
Download the application
Please download the application from here.READMORE
By MergaYonas (Ethiopian Reporter)
The Supreme Court of the Oromia Regional State has translated the Federal Criminal Code of Ethiopia, written in Amharic and English, into Afaan Oromo in order to offer understanding for the nation and avoid legal mishandling in the region. Since recent times, the regional government has been exposed to various kinds of crimes ranging from corruption to mishandling of legal matters by judges and legal officers.
Particularly, the major problem the region is facing, and which has been investigated, was giving a verdict based on false evidences, AlemayoAtomsa, President of the Region said during the Caffee meeting held late last week in Adama town.
According to an investigation cooperatively done by police officers and judges, of 32,140 ruled cases across the region on 30,128 cases plea has been filed again, Alemayo said in its report.
To maintain the rule of law, the region has been striving to improve concerns raised from a legal perspective, which the translation could contribute to, creating more understanding than before both for the clients and legal personnel, Alemayo said.
Reading the six month report to the members of Caffee, the president said, in order to solve the problems related to lawyers and plea-writers of individual cases, the region has also been preparing a new proclamation that governs them as well.
“The Oromia Supreme Court has been working strongly to make the justice system beneficial to the public at large in the regional state,” SayidJundi, vice president with the Oromia Supreme Court, told The Reporter.
However, there are still areas in every passage of the justice system and this is happening as there are some individuals who have rent-seeking behavior that weakens the structure and bear disobedience among judges and other legal practitioners, Sayid added.
Last May, the region's Supreme Court fired 10 judges, accusing them of misusing their position and of being corrupt. And in 2011, the Court dismissed over 15 judges and legal officers, alleging them of the same cases.